Variable grammars: verbal agreement in northern dialects of English

by Lukas Pietsch

Publisher: Max Niemeyer Verlag in T ubingen

Written in English
Cover of: Variable grammars: verbal agreement in northern dialects of English | Lukas Pietsch
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Subjects:

  • English Language,
  • OUR Brockhaus selection

Edition Notes

SeriesLinguistische Arbeiten -- 496
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21866549M
ISBN 103484304960

L2: T-B Kuki-Chin Mizo/Lushai Francis, Canon E. MS Khumi-English Word List. 42 pages, typescript (xeroxed). [Paletwa] T-B Kuki-Chin Khumi Lehman, F. K. A consideration of rak and other directional auxiliaries in Lai Chin: Verb- string, agreement and ergativity in Minimalist syntax. 28th ICSTLL. T-B Kuki-Chin Lai Syntax. A term used in many discussions of the social and political position of African American English. The term is specifically connected with the debate, unleashed by a controversial decision by a school board in Oakland, California in , about whether African American English is so different from General American English to warrant teaching it as a separate language. Books at Amazon. The Books homepage helps you explore Earth's Biggest Bookstore without ever leaving the comfort of your couch. Here you'll find current best sellers in books, new releases in books, deals in books, Kindle eBooks, Audible audiobooks, and so much more. British Slang is a fountain of beautiful words that we don’t normally use in America. Some are hilarious, some are rude and some are interesting. Here’s our list of our top favorite British slang words and phrases. Oftentimes, it’s not so much the word itself that’s awesome – but the usage of it so [ ].

  Social dialects learned by people with common backgrounds—such as a social class, profession, age group, or ethnic group—also may influence the speakers' syntax. Think of the differences between teenagers' slang and more fluid word order and grammar vs. research scientists' technical vocabulary and manner of speaking to each other. Japanese pitch accent (高低アクセント, kōtei akusento) is a feature of the Japanese language that distinguishes words by accenting particular morae in most Japanese nature and location of the accent for a given word may vary between dialects. For instance, the word for "now" is [iꜜma] in the Tokyo dialect, with the accent on the first mora (or equivalently, with a.   SCOTTISH GAELIC DIALECTS Rev. Charles M. Robertson The importance of a thorough and systematic investigation of our Gaelic dialects was urged by Professor Mackinnon in a paper read before the Gaelic Society of Inverness exactly twenty years ago. Before that time there were scattered remarks on dialectical peculiarities in grammars and dictionaries and other publications, . Kortmann, Bernd. Comparative English dialect grammar: A typological approach. In Ignacio M. Palacios Martínez, María José López Couso, Patricia Fra López & Elena Seoane Posse (eds.), Fifty years of English studies in Spain (): A commemorative volume, 63– (Cursos e Congresos Da Universidade de Santiago de Compostela ).

Mongolian is the official language of Mongolia and both the most widely spoken and best-known member of the Mongolic language number of speakers across all its dialects may be million, including the vast majority of the residents of Mongolia and many of the ethnic Mongol residents of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China. Ebonics, dialect of American English spoken by a large proportion of African Americans. Many scholars hold that Ebonics, like several English creoles, developed from contacts between nonstandard varieties of colonial English and African languages. Its exact origins continue to be debated, however. Appalachian English is a variant of American English native to the Appalachian mountain region of the Eastern United ically, the term "Appalachian dialect" refers to a local English variety of southern Appalachia, also known as Smoky Mountain English or Southern Mountain English in the United States, both influential upon and influenced by the Southern U.S. regional dialect, which.   The Impacts of Using Dialects in Education on Students’ Learning and Achievements. The rights of the different dialect speakers and equal opportunities in education for them have long been social and academic issue in various parts of the world (Cheshire et al., ).

Variable grammars: verbal agreement in northern dialects of English by Lukas Pietsch Download PDF EPUB FB2

: Variable Grammars: Verbal Agreement in Northern Dialects of English (Linguistische Arbeiten) (): Lukas Pietsch: BooksCited by: Variable grammars: Verbal agreement in Northern dialects of English Professor Elly van Gelderen Department of English, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ –, USA Correspondence [email protected]: Elly van Gelderen.

Theoretical accounts of verbal agreement variation; 3. History and origins of the NSR; 4. Verbal agreement in the SED; 5. Verbal agreement in the NITCS; 6.

Verbal agreement in FRED; 7. Conclusions; Appendixes; Index. ISBN: OCLC Number: Notes: Originally presented as the author's thesis (doctoral - Freiburg) under the title: Subject-verb agreement in northern dialects of English.

*Prices in US$ apply to orders placed in the Americas only. Prices in GBP apply to orders placed in Great Britain only. Prices in € represent the retail prices valid in Germany (unless otherwise indicated). Get this from a library. Variable Grammars: Verbal Agreement in Northern Dialects of English.

[Lukas Pietsch] -- One of the conspicuous characteristics of the northern dialects of Britain and Ireland is variation in verbal agreement, especially the use of plural verbal -s. Once a mark of a consistent.

One of the conspicuous characteristics of the northern dialects of Britain and Ireland is variation in verbal agreement, especially the use of plural verbal a mark of a consistent, categorical grammatical system in the traditional dialects of the area, today verbal -s appears in highly complex, hybrid variation patterns in the modern vernaculars.

Variable grammars: Verbal agreement in Northern dialects of English. Professor Elly van Gelderen. Pages: Altmetric; book review.

From dialect to standard: English in England – Professor Elly van Gelderen. Pages: “is state-of-the-art book on verbal-s is a tour de force that will engage schol- want to understand its morpho-syntax alongside its social and functional versatility in diverse English dialects from East Anglia to the Antipodes.

e Linguistic Perspectives on a Variable English Morpheme. Laura Rupp David Britain Linguistic Perspectives. Preface InA Comparative Grammar of British English Dialects: Agreement, Gender, Relative Clauses (Kortmann et al.

) appeared as the first publi- cation in this series concerned with the study of English dialect grammar. It consisted of three comprehensive studies.

Books; Variable grammars: Verbal agreement in Variable grammars: verbal agreement in northern dialects of English book dialects of English. Tübingen: Niemeyer. English in Ireland: Grammar in language contact. Post-doctoral thesis, Uni­versity of Hamburg: Peer-Reviewed Papers; Nominative subjects of non-finite constructions in Hiberno-English.

Lukas Pietsch, Variable Grammar: Verbal Agreement in Northern Dialects of English (Niemeyer, ), pp. 45– Aditi Lahiri, ‘The Dental Preterites in the History of English’, in K. Hanson and S. Inkelas (eds.), The Nature of the Word: Studies in Honor of Paul Kiparsky (MIT Press, ), pp.

– Jonnie Robinson is Lead Curator for Spoken English at the British Library. He has worked on two nationwide surveys of regional speech, the Survey of English Dialects and BBC Voices, and is on the editorial team for the journal English Today.

In /11 he co-curated the British Library exhibition Evolving English: One Language, Many Voices. Anniston English consists of at least two varieties (Standard and Nonstandard) of Southern White English which in itself is a separate dialect of English on both geographical and social (group solidarity) grounds.

One of the important points of comparison between black and white vernacular English. One of the conspicuous characteristics of the northern dialects of Britain and Ireland is variation in verbal agreement, especially the use of plural verbal -s.

Once a mark of a consistent, categorical grammatical system in the traditional dialects of the area, today verbal -s appears in highly complex, hybrid variation patterns in the modern.

The increasing diversification of English qua World Englishes contributes to cross-linguistic variation. Still, we tend to consider and model varieties of English from a language-internal perspective. Taking Mair’s () World System of Englishes as a starting point, I here explore how to model World Englishes from a cross-linguistic typological perspective, commenting on the tension.

This article presents a systematic analysis of morphosyntactic variation in London English, investigating was/were variation in the speech of adolescents and elderly speakers in a multicultural inner London area and a less diverse outer London area.

In outer London, dialect leveling to a mixed was/weren't system is well underway, as in many other areas of the U.K. Negative weren't is frequent. A Comparative Grammar of British English Dialects: Agreement, Gender, Relative Clauses (= Topics in English Linguistics, ), ed.

by Bernd Kortmann, Tanja Herrmann, Lukas Pietsch & Susanne Wagner, Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter. Among the chief characteristics of the northern dialects since Middle English times has been the so-called Northern Subject Rule, a systemic split in the verbal concord system which allows for.

When typological rara generate rarissima: Analogical extension of verbal agreement in Dutch dialects. In Wohlgemuth, J. and Cysouw, M. (eds.), Rara and rarissima: Documenting the fringes of linguistic diversity, pp.

47 – Berlin: De Gruyter. Middle English is the form of English spoken roughly from the time of the Norman Conquest in until the end of the 15th century. For centuries after the Conquest, the Norman kings and high-ranking nobles in England and to some extent elsewhere in the British Isles spoke Anglo-Norman, a variety of Old Norman, originating from a northern langue d'oïl dialect.

Ulster English (Ulster Scots: Ulstèr Inglis, Irish: Béarla Ulaidh, also called Northern Hiberno-English or Northern Irish English) is a major variety of English spoken in most of the Irish province of Ulster and throughout Northern dialect has been influenced by the Ulster Irish and Scots languages, the latter of which was brought over by Scottish settlers during the Plantation.

Hindustani, the lingua franca of northern India and Pakistan, has two standardised registers: Hindi and tical differences between the two standards are minor but each uses its own script: Hindi uses Devanagari while Urdu uses an extended form of the Perso-Arabic script, typically in the Nastaʿlīq style.

On this grammar page Hindustani is written in "standard orientalist. Get this from a library. A comparative grammar of British English dialects: agreement, gender, relative clauses.

[Bernd Kortmann;] -- "This volume offers qualitative as well as corpus-based quantitative studies on grammatical variation in the British Isles written from a. Frontmatter --Table of Contents --The Freiburg English Dialect Project and Corpus (FRED) --Relative clauses in English dialects of the British Isles --"Some do and some doesn't": Verbal concord variation in the north of the British Isles --Gender in English pronouns: Southwest England --Backmatter.

7 Back to the present: verbal-s in the (African American) English diaspora 1 Introduction Of the linguistic features stereotypically associated with African American Vernacular English (AAVE), the variable inflection of present-tense verbs, regardless of grammatical person or number of the subject, illustrated in (1), is among the best documented.

Possible Origins of Certain Nonstandard Verb Forms in the Dialect of Tristan Da Cunha. Bas van Elburg. Published: 21 December (HSL/SHL 1) (print instructions) In an article on the speech of the people of St. Helena Hancock () observes that “ the island, and the dialect of its inhabitants, are interesting from a number of aspects: firstly because of the many similarities with.

In particular, we will show that the northern and southern dialects of Middle English differed in the way that they implemented the verb-second (V2) constraint common to the Germanic languages and then argue that this difference was a syntactic consequence of contact-induced simplification in the verbal agreement paradigm of the northern dialect.

Gunbarlang, or Kunbarlang, is an Australian Aboriginal language in northern Australia with multiple dialects. Other names are Gungalang and rs are multilingual in Kunwinjku and of the Gunbarlang people now speak Kunwinjku.

The language is part of a language revival project, as a critically endangered language. Textism ratio and omission ratio were included in the second and third step respectively. In the final step of the analyses with vocabulary score as dependent variable, grammar performance was added, and vice versa in the analysis with grammar score as dependent variable.

This was done because vocabulary and grammar were correlated with each other. Unendangered Dialects, Endangered People William Labov, University of Pennsylvania The topic that I will deal with here is a difficult one, especially in a forum devoted to the struggle to save endangered languages and support endangered dialects.1 The other papers in this volume are concerned with the problem of how to preserve linguistic and.This article describes the grammar of the standard Tajik language as spoken and written in general, the grammar of the Tajik language fits the analytical remains of the case system, and grammatical relationships are primarily expressed via clitics, word order and other analytical constructions.

Like other modern varieties of Persian, Tajik grammar is almost identical.Situ (Chinese: 四土话; pinyin: Sìtǔ huà) is a Rgyalrong language spoken in Sichuan, name "Situ", literally "four Tusi", comes from a historical name of the Ma'erkang region.